@font-face制作Web Icon

@font-faceCSS3中有关于字体设置的属性,通过@font-face可以将本地字体设置为Web页面字体,并能兼容所有浏览器,使用这个属性就不必担心用户本地不具备这样的字体。因为我们把字体都上传到服务器上,不过这样一来很多人担心影响性能问题。鱼和熊掌不能兼得嘛,我们就不在为这个问题说太多的话了,不过我今天要与大家分享的主题和这个@font-face还是有很在关系的,使用他配合一定的字体来制作Web页面中的Icon图标。初一看有点不实际,以前的Icon都是依靠图片来完成,怎么可能用字体就能实现呢?如果你以前有用过HTML的实体符,我想就不会那么惊奇了。

@font-face制作Web Icon

今天我想和大家进一步的探讨这方面的应用,同时为大家准备了多种字体制作Icon的效果,下面我们一起来看看吧。

制作思路

思路其实很清晰,我们就是需要得到font icon的字体,然后通过@font-face将这个字体运用到一定的字符上,从而让他渲染出来是ICON的效果。难就难在无法得到这样的字体,今天我给大家搜集了三种免费的字体,以供大家学习。接下来我们一起来学习这三种字体如何转换成Web上的Icon图标。

第一种:Guifx字体

要使用Guifx字体制作Icon,你首先要得到相应的字体,然后通过fontsquirrel转换各浏览器所需的字体,详细的操作过程大家可以参考@font-face

字体得到了就好办了,现在只需要使用一定的编码来代表相应的字符,打个比方来说:

<div class="icon">A</div>

那么上面的“A”字符代表的就是一个Icon,只不过我们需要把刚才得到字体运用上去:

@font-face {
    font-family: 'GuifxIcon';
    src: url('Guifx/guifx_v2_transports-webfont.eot');
    src: url('Guifx/guifx_v2_transports-webfont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'),
    url('Guifx/guifx_v2_transports-webfont.woff') format('woff'),
    url('Guifx/guifx_v2_transports-webfont.ttf') format('truetype'),
    url('Guifx/guifx_v2_transports-webfont.svg#Guifxv2TransportsRegular') format('svg');
    font-weight: normal;
    font-style: normal;
}
.icon {
    font-family: 'GuifxIcon';
}

上面拿了一个简单的Icon来做实例,其他的运用也是这样的,下面我将对应的字符和Icon对照表放上来让大家使用时好参考,省得测试的时间:

@font-face制作Web Icon

第二种:websymbols字体

这种字体其实运用和前面介绍的方法是一样的,唯一区别是使用的字体不一样,从而字母渲染出来的Icon也就不一样了。下面我们同样来看“A”渲染出来的效果

<div class="icon">A</div>

样式的使用:

@font-face{
    font-family: 'WebSymbolsRegular';
    src: url('websymbols/fonts/websymbols-regular-webfont.eot');
    src: url('websymbols/fonts/websymbols-regular-webfont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'),
    url('websymbols/fonts/websymbols-regular-webfont.woff') format('woff'),
    url('websymbols/fonts/websymbols-regular-webfont.ttf') format('truetype'),
    url('websymbols/fonts/websymbols-regular-webfont.svg#WebSymbolsRegular') format('svg');
}
.icon {
    font-family: 'WebSymbolsRegular';
}

对应出来的Icon就是下图的样子了:

@font-face制作Web Icon

第三种:Font Awesome

Font Awesome是一个强大的字体制作Icon的案例,作者在Bootstrap Icon的基础上将Icon图片换成了字体来制作。初看真的让我汗颜呀,太强大了。下面我们一起来看看如何使用?

HTML Markup

<div class="icon-glass"></div>

相对来说这个字体制作ICON复杂一点,他是在Bootstrap Icon基础上扩展的,只不过区别是Bootstrap Icon采用的是IMG,而他采用的是@font-face:

@font-face {
    font-family: 'FontAwesome';
    src: url('font/fontawesome-webfont.eot');
    src: url('font/fontawesome-webfont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.woff') format('woff'), url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.ttf') format('truetype'), url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.svgz#FontAwesomeRegular') format('svg'), url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.svg#FontAwesomeRegular') format('svg');
    font-weight: normal;
    font-style: normal;
}
/* sprites.less reset */
[class^="icon-"],
[class*=" icon-"] {
    display: inline;
    width: auto;
    height: auto;
    line-height: inherit;
    vertical-align: baseline;
    background-image: none;
    background-position: 0% 0%;
    background-repeat: repeat;
}
[class^="icon-"]:before,
[class*=" icon-"]:before {
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    font-weight: normal;
    font-style: normal;
    display: inline-block;
    text-decoration: inherit;
}
/*  Font Awesome uses the Unicode Private Use Area (PUA) to ensure screen
    readers do not read off random characters that represent icons */
.icon-glass:before              { content: "f000"; }
.icon-music:before              { content: "f001"; }
.icon-search:before             { content: "f002"; }
.icon-envelope:before           { content: "f003"; }
.icon-heart:before              { content: "f004"; }
.icon-star:before               { content: "f005"; }
.icon-star-empty:before         { content: "f006"; }
.icon-user:before               { content: "f007"; }
.icon-film:before               { content: "f008"; }
.icon-th-large:before           { content: "f009"; }
.icon-th:before                 { content: "f00a"; }
.icon-th-list:before            { content: "f00b"; }
.icon-ok:before                 { content: "f00c"; }
.icon-remove:before             { content: "f00d"; }
.icon-zoom-in:before            { content: "f00e"; }

.icon-zoom-out:before           { content: "f010"; }
.icon-off:before                { content: "f011"; }
.icon-signal:before             { content: "f012"; }
.icon-cog:before                { content: "f013"; }
.icon-trash:before              { content: "f014"; }
.icon-home:before               { content: "f015"; }
.icon-file:before               { content: "f016"; }
.icon-time:before               { content: "f017"; }
.icon-road:before               { content: "f018"; }
.icon-download-alt:before       { content: "f019"; }
.icon-download:before           { content: "f01a"; }
.icon-upload:before             { content: "f01b"; }
.icon-inbox:before              { content: "f01c"; }
.icon-play-circle:before        { content: "f01d"; }
.icon-repeat:before             { content: "f01e"; }

/* f020 is not a valid unicode character. all shifted one down */
.icon-refresh:before            { content: "f021"; }
.icon-list-alt:before           { content: "f022"; }
.icon-lock:before               { content: "f023"; }
.icon-flag:before               { content: "f024"; }
.icon-headphones:before         { content: "f025"; }
.icon-volume-off:before         { content: "f026"; }
.icon-volume-down:before        { content: "f027"; }
.icon-volume-up:before          { content: "f028"; }
.icon-qrcode:before             { content: "f029"; }
.icon-barcode:before            { content: "f02a"; }
.icon-tag:before                { content: "f02b"; }
.icon-tags:before               { content: "f02c"; }
.icon-book:before               { content: "f02d"; }
.icon-bookmark:before           { content: "f02e"; }
.icon-print:before              { content: "f02f"; }

.icon-camera:before             { content: "f030"; }
.icon-font:before               { content: "f031"; }
.icon-bold:before               { content: "f032"; }
.icon-italic:before             { content: "f033"; }
.icon-text-height:before        { content: "f034"; }
.icon-text-width:before         { content: "f035"; }
.icon-align-left:before         { content: "f036"; }
.icon-align-center:before       { content: "f037"; }
.icon-align-right:before        { content: "f038"; }
.icon-align-justify:before      { content: "f039"; }
.icon-list:before               { content: "f03a"; }
.icon-indent-left:before        { content: "f03b"; }
.icon-indent-right:before       { content: "f03c"; }
.icon-facetime-video:before     { content: "f03d"; }
.icon-picture:before            { content: "f03e"; }

.icon-pencil:before             { content: "f040"; }
.icon-map-marker:before         { content: "f041"; }
.icon-adjust:before             { content: "f042"; }
.icon-tint:before               { content: "f043"; }
.icon-edit:before               { content: "f044"; }
.icon-share:before              { content: "f045"; }
.icon-check:before              { content: "f046"; }
.icon-move:before               { content: "f047"; }
.icon-step-backward:before      { content: "f048"; }
.icon-fast-backward:before      { content: "f049"; }
.icon-backward:before           { content: "f04a"; }
.icon-play:before               { content: "f04b"; }
.icon-pause:before              { content: "f04c"; }
.icon-stop:before               { content: "f04d"; }
.icon-forward:before            { content: "f04e"; }

.icon-fast-forward:before       { content: "f050"; }
.icon-step-forward:before       { content: "f051"; }
.icon-eject:before              { content: "f052"; }
.icon-chevron-left:before       { content: "f053"; }
.icon-chevron-right:before      { content: "f054"; }
.icon-plus-sign:before          { content: "f055"; }
.icon-minus-sign:before         { content: "f056"; }
.icon-remove-sign:before        { content: "f057"; }
.icon-ok-sign:before            { content: "f058"; }
.icon-question-sign:before      { content: "f059"; }
.icon-info-sign:before          { content: "f05a"; }
.icon-screenshot:before         { content: "f05b"; }
.icon-remove-circle:before      { content: "f05c"; }
.icon-ok-circle:before          { content: "f05d"; }
.icon-ban-circle:before         { content: "f05e"; }

.icon-arrow-left:before         { content: "f060"; }
.icon-arrow-right:before        { content: "f061"; }
.icon-arrow-up:before           { content: "f062"; }
.icon-arrow-down:before         { content: "f063"; }
.icon-share-alt:before          { content: "f064"; }
.icon-resize-full:before        { content: "f065"; }
.icon-resize-small:before       { content: "f066"; }
.icon-plus:before               { content: "f067"; }
.icon-minus:before              { content: "f068"; }
.icon-asterisk:before           { content: "f069"; }
.icon-exclamation-sign:before   { content: "f06a"; }
.icon-gift:before               { content: "f06b"; }
.icon-leaf:before               { content: "f06c"; }
.icon-fire:before               { content: "f06d"; }
.icon-eye-open:before           { content: "f06e"; }

.icon-eye-close:before          { content: "f070"; }
.icon-warning-sign:before       { content: "f071"; }
.icon-plane:before              { content: "f072"; }
.icon-calendar:before           { content: "f073"; }
.icon-random:before             { content: "f074"; }
.icon-comment:before            { content: "f075"; }
.icon-magnet:before             { content: "f076"; }
.icon-chevron-up:before         { content: "f077"; }
.icon-chevron-down:before       { content: "f078"; }
.icon-retweet:before            { content: "f079"; }
.icon-shopping-cart:before      { content: "f07a"; }
.icon-folder-close:before       { content: "f07b"; }
.icon-folder-open:before        { content: "f07c"; }
.icon-resize-vertical:before    { content: "f07d"; }
.icon-resize-horizontal:before  { content: "f07e"; }

.icon-bar-chart:before          { content: "f080"; }
.icon-twitter-sign:before       { content: "f081"; }
.icon-facebook-sign:before      { content: "f082"; }
.icon-camera-retro:before       { content: "f083"; }
.icon-key:before                { content: "f084"; }
.icon-cogs:before               { content: "f085"; }
.icon-comments:before           { content: "f086"; }
.icon-thumbs-up:before          { content: "f087"; }
.icon-thumbs-down:before        { content: "f088"; }
.icon-star-half:before          { content: "f089"; }
.icon-heart-empty:before        { content: "f08a"; }
.icon-signout:before            { content: "f08b"; }
.icon-linkedin-sign:before      { content: "f08c"; }
.icon-pushpin:before            { content: "f08d"; }
.icon-external-link:before      { content: "f08e"; }

.icon-signin:before             { content: "f090"; }
.icon-trophy:before             { content: "f091"; }
.icon-github-sign:before        { content: "f092"; }
.icon-upload-alt:before         { content: "f093"; }
.icon-lemon:before              { content: "f094"; }

有关详细的使用大家可以点击官网

上面给大家介绍了三种字体,配合@font-face制作web icon方法,希望对大家以后的运用上有所帮助。

原文链接:https://www.w3cplus.com/css3/web-icon-with-font-face

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